BOTSWANA-Attractions and Things to do
Botswana is a landlocked country found in Southern Africa, bordered by Namibia in the West and North, Zimbabwe in the Northeast, and South Africa to the South and East; it is among the safari countries offering some of the top wildlife viewing destinations on the earth. Wildlife is best viewed while at the Okavango Delta and Chobe National Park; this park is home to the San/Bushmen who were nomadic pastoralists- They are a culture not to leave out while on safari. You cannot miss out on the Central Kalahari Game reserve which is a home of large numbers of animals such as hyenas, wild dogs, giraffes and others; it is also comprised of various grasslands and river valleys.
The topography of Botswana is flat, whereby most of the country is covered with the Kalahari Desert. The climate is Semi-arid in most parts of the country- the country is dry and hot in most months of the year though there is an unpredictable rainy season that runs through the dry months.
Generally, Botswana has a lot to offer. Check out the most attractions accompanied with where to go, what to do, what to see while in Botswana.
Chobe National Park
Chobe National Park was established in 1968, and it takes is name from Chobe river. It is located near borders of Zambia, Namibia and Zimbabwe which makes it an easier destination to reach especially by visitors on tours in the southern African region and those from the Victoria Falls. Chobe has some of the highest concentrations of wildlife every year.
The park has four different geographical areas which have lots of attractions; Chobe Riverfront, Savute, the Ngwezumba pans, and Linyanti. Whereby, the Chobe river front is the commonly visited area with cape buffaloes and very many herds of elephants. The park has other animals such as lions, impalas, bushbucks, giraffes, kudus, hyenas, leopards, monkeys and baboons among others- Basing on research the park has over 460 bird species so it is also a place for bird lovers. Visitors can do activities like game drives around the park, bird watching, boat cruises on the river(able to see crocodiles and hippos).
The park can be visited between May and September whereby during this time the weather is cooler and drier getting a chance to see wildebeests, buffaloes, elands, giraffes etc. The park can be accessed by road which makes it cheaper in accessing it than other parks in the country.
There is a variety of accommodation facilities to use while at Chobe National Park ranging from campsites to Luxury lodges such as Chobe Safari lodge (luxury), Kwalape safari lodge (Moderate), Thebe lodge, Chobe bush lodge, Muchenje Campsite.
Central Kalahari Game Reserve
The Central Kalahari Game Reserve was established in 1961, covering an area of 52,800sqkm. It is found in the Kalahari Desert with very beautiful and romantic landscapes which are mostly flat but also there are large tracts of sand dunes, rolling plains, river valleys, bush and grasslands among others.
The game reserve is also known for the Zebra migration that happens each year- where thousands of zebras move through the undulating plains together with some wildebeests that offers an unforgettable experience to tourists. Other animals seen in this park are; bush elephants, spotted hyenas, South African cheetahs, yellow mongooses, red hartebeests, cape ground squirrels, sable antelopes, white rhinos, greater kudus, cape buffaloes, South African giraffes, warthogs, Kalahari lions, cape foxes, elands, springboks, brown hyenas, ostriches, honey badgers, and the black-backed jackals.
Those interested in culture cannot miss out on the San Bushmen who inhabited this area very many years ago; they are originally hunters and gatherers which also made them Nomadic pastoralists. So it is an amazing experience visiting their communities and seeing how they live.
It is advisable you have enough knowledge concerning the park before travel also plan and book earlier. Accommodation facilities include; Kalahari Plains Camp, Kalahari Tented Camp, Leroo La Tau, Dinaka Safari Lodge, Deception Valley Lodge, Kalahari Trail Blazers, Haina Kalahari Lodge and Kalahari arms hotel – Ghanzi among others.
The Okavango Delta is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Northwestern part of Botswana. The delta lies in the Kalahari Basin and is fed by River Okavango- It is an exclusive safari destination; this is so because it is comprised of seasonally flooded plains and permanent marshlands. The Okavango delta region varies in size from 15,000sqkm in dry seasons to approximately 22,000sqkm in wet seasons.
Okavango is a spectacular destination making your dreams a reality- most amazing thing about this region is the River Okavango floods during the dry season (June to October), the best time to visit the delta is between May and September. The major areas to visit in Okavango are the Delta, the dry land and the Panhandle; these areas are suitable for game viewing, boating and bird watching. Okavango is home to over 122 mammal species, 444 bird species, around 1,300 flower plant species, 64 reptile species, 71 species of fish. It is also a home of the world’s rare species of mammals such as lions, black rhinoceroses, the cheetahs, African wild dogs and white rhinoceros. Other animals include; giraffes, kudus, waterbucks, zebras, buffaloes, duikers, wildebeests, elephants, hartebeests, impalas, and reedbucks.
The availability of many luxury lodges also makes the delta an extraordinary place that is why it is advisable that visitors make bookings in lodges in the delta since it’s an unforgettable experience.
Moremi Game Reserve
Moremi game reserve was set aside for the future protection of wildlife by the Batawana people in 1962 where by approximately a third of the Okavango Delta was set aside. The game reserve covers around 3000sqkm and lies in the East of the Okavango delta- The reserve was named after “Chief Moremi”.
The game reserve is small but with a high concentration of Botswana wildlife safari animals, and various geographical features like the Moremi Tongue, Chiefs Island- there are amazing views from the thick woodlands, savannah grasslands, Khawai River, Lagoons like Xakanaxa lagoon which is good for bird watching. Moremi is home to over 500 bird species both forest and water birds and various wildlife species such as the Southwest African lion, hyena, Angolan giraffe, impala, hippopotamus, black rhinoceros, South African cheetah, wildebeest, Cape wild dog, Cape buffalo, zebra, elephant, red lechwe and the jackal.
Moremi can be accessed by road via Maun and by air. The best time to visit Moremi is between July and October (dry season); the rainy seasons make it difficult to access Moremi. Drivers are advised to use 4×4 safari vehicles- Also don’t miss out a boat trip on the water to see more wildlife like crocodiles.
There are several Campsites and Lodges outside the Reserve which are good for Wildlife viewing. Please note that some lodges close around December to February since it’s a rainy season and the reserve is inaccessible.
Maun is a town in Botswana and is spread along the Thamalakane River. It is also regarded as a “tourism capital” of Botswana because it is near many tourist centers and has headquarters of different air-charter operations and various safari operations. Maun is near Okavango delta and has developed immensely over the years; there are many hotels, shopping centers, car hire services and lodges. Most visitors use Maun as a stepping stone by spending some nights here as they proceed to Okavango Delta.
Maun is a beautiful town that will expose you to different cultures of the people living in this land such as how they rare and graze their cattle; while watching the cattle grazing you can be in position of seeing the Red Lechwe on the banks of Thamalakane River etc. Visitors can learn the history of this place by visiting the Nhabe museum which has some local art to.
Makgadikgadi & Nxai Pan National Parks
Makgadikgadi and the Nxai Pan National Park is a very big area comprised of Makgadikgadi Pan (the largest of them all), Kudiakam Pan, Nxai Pan, and Ntwetwe Pan.
During the dry season most plains in the park are barren, and animals are seen gathering to drink water also the Hippos enter deep in the water pools of the dried up River Boteti. In this season of the year the salt pans are stunning also activities like Quad biking are carried out.
When the rainy season begins it is something amazing as the whole area regains life again, the pans are filled with water which attracts water birds, and also that’s why the migration of the Zebras and wildebeests begins, also the grasslands grow again and flourish.
The Park can be visited without difficulty between December and April. It being located in the Northeast of Botswana makes it simple to for you to join your visit to tour also Okavango Delta and Chobe National Park. Accommodation used while here is camping such as mobile camping at the Makgadikgadi Pan camps.
Tuli Block is famous for its physical features such as Solomon’s Wall found at the Motloutse River just in the South West of the Tuli Block. It is located in the East of Botswana between the Southern border of South Africa and the Northern and Eastern border of Zimbabwe in the north where the Shashe and Limpopo rivers meet and join Tuli Nature Reserve, and Mashatu Game reserve. Tuli is a narrow land in form of a block and it is a rich area for Wildlife viewing.
This area is spectacular with many riverine forests, savannah plains, rivers, rocks, big baobab trees, and large herds of elephants. Other animals found here are the wildebeests, zebras, giraffes, kudus, leopards, hyenas, and cheetahs but the main attraction here among the animals is the Black manned lion.
Another thing to discover while here is the historical background of the area of over 80 million years ago- The historical sites include the beautiful African Rock Art/Paintings on Lepokole hill and the Tswapong which are believed to have been drawn by the ancestors of the San people, there are also a number of stone age sites, these take you back to what you never saw but happened; it is an amazing time spent here.
The Tsodilo Hills
Tsodilo Hills are found in the Northwestern part of Botswana on the Namibian border. Tsodilo hills were recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2002. They are a small area comprised of Caves, rock arts- They have been home to people for over 100,000 years. The rock paintings at the site are estimated to be more than 4,500 and it is believed that the San people/bushmen that stayed there are the ones that created those paintings.
There are well established walking trails such as the cliff trail, the rhino trail and the lion trail, so as you tour this place you can take a guided walk through these trails to see paintings, caves and visit communities that live near the hills.
Tsodilo hills are thought to be among the world’s oldest historical sites, so exploring these hills is a journey unforgettable!
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park is located in the Southwestern part of Botswana; it is very big covering an area of about 38,000sqkm. The park is ran as a single ecological unit and is an exclusive place for wildlife viewing though you won’t be able to see all the ‘Big Five’ but it is a very amazing place.
While in the park you will be able to see very many animals like the migrating wildebeests, brown hyenas, antelopes, hartebeests, Kalahari lions, and a number of wild cats. There are also over 170 bird species can be spotted in this reserve. Lodging is offered in different camps in the South African side of the park.
Gaborone is Botswana’s largest city and capital. The city is renowned for the Gaborone game reserve which is home to some animals like impalas and wildebeests, Mokolodi game reserve (it is a short drive away from the city- Participate in activities like game drives, and guided nature walks, it is a home to rhinos and giraffes plus other animals). Other places to visit while here include; the National Museum, the Art Gallery which displays handicrafts and cultural arts and crafts- Also visit the Kgale Hill which offers beautiful views of the city. Birders are also able to spot migratory and resident birds while here.
The city also has nice weather and this makes it ideal for most games and sports. There are games like volley ball, tennis, yachting, netball, rugby, swimming, horse riding, boating, golf, football cricket and netball. Of course for those into fitness- Gyms and other fitness centers are available. Gaborone has a variety of lodging and hotel facilities so there are no worries of where to stay.
Khama Rhino Sanctuary
The Khama Rhino Sanctuary was established in 1992 with the aim saving the country’s endangered rhinos and re-introducing wildlife in this area so that tourism benefits the local people also. This sanctuary hosts school children from the nearby villages and Francistown which is the country’s second-biggest and oldest city- Because of this they are able to be educated and sensitized about conservation.
Khama Rhino Sanctuary has chalets and campsites to offer accommodation to visitors while in the sanctuary. Activities that can be done while here are; nature walks and game drives giving the visitor chance to see other animals that live around this area apart from rhinos. Are you in need of a self drive? Then choosing Khama Rhino Sanctuary is the best option!
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